Singapore develops C2 tool for wargames


Singapore develops C2 tool for wargames

Chen Chuanren / Singapore

The Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) and Defence Science and Technology Agency (DSTA) collaborated to develop a networked C2 system dedicated for Exercise Forging Sabre, a joint exercise between Singaporean air and land forces in the US.

Development of the system began in 2009 and it was improved through inputs from operators and technological advancements in software and military hardware.

A key feature is the real-time ground situation picture that overlays Heron 1 UAV footage on static maps with a geographical information system such as road names and building types. Video analytics are then applied to automatically derive target locations onto the integrated map.

Previously, UAV video feeds had no intelligence information as two distinct screens and data were manually correlated.

Users can opt between a UAV feed over a static map, where the product video rotates along with the UAV imagery, or vice versa where the video is fixed and oriented northwards.

‘Current market solutions are sometimes closed [architecture] and could not be seamlessly integrated with SAF C2 systems, as well as with additional layers like weapon effects,’ said Loke Ee Foong, DSTA development programme manager (C4I development).

The DSTA has also rolled out new battlefield damage assessment video analytics technology.

Loke explained, ‘The computer with the aid of artificial intelligence was able to study and learn the style of the bomb drop, explosion patterns, etc. The system is able to determine the bomb’s impact point and distance from the target, and allow the command post to quantify if the strike is a success.’

With quicker decision-making, the command post can now quickly decide on the next course of action, thus maintaining operational tempo.

The command post has expanded from 98 to 110 personnel this year with the inclusion of army assets and added complexity.

The C2 system can also be modular to include the Army Warfare Simulation System, to factor land campaigns into the exercise scenario without the need for hardware and resources such as tanks to be deployed physically.

Based on the performance and accuracy of these systems in exercises, Loke said the SAF would then deliberate on whether they can be implemented operationally.

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